K-12 Education in Saskatchewan
Secondary Level Education in Saskatchewan
Canada comprises ten provinces and three territories. Under the Canadian constitution, education is a provincial jurisdiction so each province establishes its own legislation and policy for the governance and administration of the educational system.
In Saskatchewan, Kindergarten to Grade 12 (K-12) education is a shared responsibility between the Ministry of Education, under the authority of the Minister of Education, and locally elected boards of education.
Under provincial legislation, the Ministry of Education, under the authority of the Minister, has the responsibility to establish the goals and objectives of the educational system; to prepare and distribute recommendations and advice on the management of schools and school divisions; to establish regulations authorizing provincial courses of instruction and to provide courses of study or curriculum guides pertaining to these courses; to provide lists of prescribed or recommended curriculum resource materials; and to make regulations for the classification and certification of teachers.
Provincial legislation provides for the election of local school boards of education which have responsibility to manage and administer the Kindergarten to Grade 12 school system in their school division, within the regulations and guidelines set out by the Ministry.
Within the Ministry of Education, the Student Achievement and Support Branch is responsible for the development of provincial curriculum and for the establishment of time allocations for the Required Areas of Study and the Secondary Level credit policy (grades 10-12).
The Student and Teacher Services Unit within the Ministry is responsible for teacher certification (all teachers must hold a Saskatchewan teacher's certificate); the administration of Grade 12 departmental exams; the administration of the secondary level credit policy; the central registry of students from Kindergarten to Grade 12; and the issuing of Secondary Level transcripts (Transcript of Secondary Level Achievement).
Secondary Level Requirements
For completion of the regular Secondary Level (high school) program, students are required to complete 24 credits at the Grades 10-12 level (one credit represents approximately 100 hours of instruction). There are required credits/courses at each grade level, but these vary depending on which program a student is taking: Regular, Fransaskois, and Bilingual/Immersion.
Courses are designated by their grade level (10, 20, and 30 level for Grade 10, Grade 11, and Grade 12), but students are allowed to take any level course at any grade level as long as they have completed the prerequisite course (for courses which have prerequisites).
Adult students (defined as at least 18 years of age and out of school for at least one year) may complete Grade 12 under the Adult 12 policy.
Currently departmental exams are provided in the following Grade 12 subjects; English Language Arts, mathematics, and science (Chemistry, Physics and Biology). There are three regular exam sessions per year: January, June, and August. Sessions in March, May, and December requiring Registrar's approval are also available. All departmental exams must be written on the exact day and at the time scheduled on the official examination timetable issued by the Registrar's Office of the Ministry of Education.
All teachers must hold a Saskatchewan teaching certificate, and the basic certificate, the Professional A, authorizes teachers to teach all subjects from Kindergarten to Grade 12. Employing school boards have the responsibility to determine appropriate teaching assignments based on the teacher's academic and professional background.
The Ministry of Education does not issue a diploma or any other document except the Transcript of Secondary Level Achievement, which indicates the program under which the student was enrolled as well as the grade level completed. This transcript is issued by the Registrar, Ministry of Education.
There are no university entrance exams administered in Saskatchewan. Students who complete Grade 12 in Saskatchewan are admitted to Canadian post-secondary institutions based on their high school records (secondary level transcript). It is the students' responsibility to ensure that they complete the appropriate secondary level program and specific courses required for admission into the university and faculty of studies of their choice.